Bruxism & TMJ Disorder Treatment in Nicosia

Teeth Grinding Treatment With Mouth Guards

We understand that the distress of bruxism extends beyond nighttime discomfort. 

Bruxism is the involuntary grinding or clenching of teeth, often during sleep. It can lead to various dental problems such as tooth wear, jaw pain, and headaches. Seeking treatment from a dentist or healthcare professional is important to prevent further damage and alleviate symptoms.

With profound knowledge of oral care and state-of-the-art treatments, our dentists at Symeou Dental Center Nicosia provide solutions that help people stop this condition in its tracks and prevent its disruptive symptoms.

If you or a loved one suffer from bruxism and need custom-fit mouth guards to protect your teeth at night, book an appointment with our expert dentists today!

What is Bruxism and TMJ?

Bruxism is the medical term for teeth grinding or jaw clenching, which often occurs during sleep. It can lead to symptoms like headaches, facial pain, tooth sensitivity, and worn-down teeth. Many people are unaware that they grind their teeth until a partner or dentist notices it. 

Stress and anxiety are common triggers for bruxism, but it can also be caused by misaligned teeth or an abnormal bite. Bruxism can result in serious dental problems over time if left untreated, including tooth fractures and gum recession.

Treatment options include wearing a mouthguard at night to protect the teeth from grinding together and stress management techniques to reduce tension in the jaw muscles. In severe cases where bruxism is causing significant damage to the teeth or jaw joint disorders (TMJ), the dentist might suggest additional interventions like orthodontic treatment or medication.

Regular dental check-ups at Symeou Dental Center Nicosia are crucial for monitoring any changes in your oral health due to bruxism.

Cause of Bruxism

Bruxism, a seemingly quiet disruptor of oral health, can stem from:


Increased stress levels often manifest as teeth grinding and clenching, leading to bruxism.

Individuals grappling with anxiety disorders may be more prone to bruxism as an unintentional response.

Sleep disorders, including sleep apnea, can intertwine with bruxism.

A misaligned bite or teeth that do not align properly can be a precursor to bruxism.

Certain medications, like specific antidepressants, might trigger bruxism.

Recognizing these contributing factors empowers dentists to tailor effective treatments, offering relief from the consequences of teeth grinding and clenching. Let our experienced dentists address the root cause of your bruxism symptoms and restore your well-being!

Request an appointment today!

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Symptoms of Bruxism

While many patients voice concerns about bruxism, countless others endure its effects unknowingly. Symptoms of bruxism may include:

Recognizing the symptoms of bruxism early on is vital for preventing further complications and ensuring the longevity of your dental health. 

Reach out to us today and experience the restful sleep you’ve been longing for!

Diagnosis of Bruxism

Diagnosing bruxism begins with a meticulous evaluation by the dentist to identify this often unseen culprit affecting your oral health and sleep quality.

Dental Examination

The dentist meticulously inspects your teeth’s condition and evaluates the alignment of your jaw.

Review of Medical History

Looking into your medical history, we uncover any contributing factors or underlying conditions that could be linked to bruxism.

Sleep Study

Checking your sleep patterns provides insight into potential sleep disorders associated with bruxism.

Electromyography (EMG)

This technique monitors the electrical activity of your jaw muscles.

Polysomnography (PSG)

A comprehensive sleep study helps assess sleep patterns and instances of bruxism episodes, enabling a holistic understanding.

Treatment of Bruxism

Possible bruxism treatment options include:


As stalwart defenders, custom-fitted mouthguards protect your teeth during sleep against the damaging effects of grinding and clenching.

Similar to mouthguards, splints create a barrier between upper and lower teeth, curbing the intensity of grinding and minimizing its impact.

Medication like muscle relaxants help alleviate underlying stress or anxiety that fuel bruxism.

Relaxation exercises and stress-reduction strategies can empower patients to combat bruxism at its root.

Orthodontic treatment and dental procedures can be remedies for bite misalignment, laying the foundation for bruxism prevention.

Complications of Bruxism

While many patients voice concerns about bruxism, countless others endure its effects unknowingly. Symptoms of bruxism may include:

Tooth Damage

The relentless friction from grinding wears down enamel, contributing to fractures, chips, and heightened sensitivity.

Jaw Disorders

The consistent clenching of teeth strains muscles and precipitates temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, impacting jaw function.

Chronic Headaches

Bruxism’s cycle of grinding and clenching often culminates in chronic headaches, affecting daily life.

Sleep Disruption

The repercussions extend to sleep, leading to disrupted patterns.

Prevention of Bruxism

Empower yourself with the following preventive measures that can stand as barriers against bruxism’s onset or progression.

Stress Reduction Techniques

Engage in stress management through exercise, meditation, or counseling.

Substance Control

Limit consumption of caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco, as they can exacerbate bruxism.

Dental Alignment

Correct misaligned teeth with orthodontics, rectifying potential triggers for bruxism.

Regular Dental Visits

Attend regular dental check-ups, allowing our experts to monitor your oral health and identify signs of bruxism.

Sleep Habits

Cultivate consistent sleep routines and incorporate calming techniques before bed, promoting relaxation.

Night Guard Retainers

Wearing a night guard while sleeping protects your teeth from grinding and clenching and alleviates jaw pain and tooth damage.

Botox Treatment for Maseters

A non-surgical treatment for TMJ disorder that offers relief from excessive tension and help achieve a slimmer facial profile.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Stress & Anxiety – Tension-triggered teeth grinding
  • Sleep Disorders – Linked to sleep apnea and disruptions
  • Bite Misalignment – Improper jaw and tooth alignment
  • Medications – Some drugs induce grinding
  • Substance Abuse – Stimulants or drugs increase bruxism risk


Bruxism treatments include mouthguards or splints, practicing stress management techniques, and addressing underlying dental or psychological factors.

In general, anxiety can contribute to the development or worsening of bruxism.

However, bruxism is not considered an anxiety disorder itself. It is not classified as a neurological disorder, either. But, neurological factors can also contribute to bruxism, such as abnormal signaling between the brain and muscles during jaw movement.

Generally, bruxism can lead to various oral health complications, including tooth damage, jaw disorders, headaches, and sleep disturbances. Therefore, it is important to contact your dentist to prevent further complications.

Bruxism can occur at any age, both in children and adults. More specifically, bruxism appears in: 
  • Anxious Individuals – High-stress personalities
  • Perfectionists 
  • Competitive Types

Bruxism does not directly affect the brain. However, it can indirectly impact sleep quality and contribute to sleep-related issues that may affect overall brain function and well-being.

Bruxism during the day, often referred to as “awake bruxism,” differs from its nocturnal counterpart.

While nighttime grinding is usually a subconscious act related to sleep disturbances, awake bruxism is more likely to be a habitual response to emotional stress, anxiety, or even certain habits and postures.

It typically manifests as clenching of the teeth rather than the grinding, which is more common to nighttime bruxism. Many individuals might not even be aware they’re engaging in this behavior until they notice symptoms like jaw discomfort, headaches, or tooth sensitivity.

Becoming aware of the act and its triggers is the first step toward managing daytime bruxism. Cognitive behavioral therapies, relaxation techniques, and even custom-made dental devices can help address and reduce the impact of this condition.

If you find yourself frequently clenching your teeth during the day, talk to our dentists at Symeou Dental Center Nicosia to help you evaluate the severity and find potential solutions.

While there is no permanent cure for bruxism, effective management strategies can minimize symptoms and prevent further complications.

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